Alnus Cordata (Italian Alder)– A fast growing conical shaped tree, which can grow up to 30 meters. The leaves, a shiny dark green and a pear like shape, appear on the tree in the early spring and do not drop until late autumn/winter time. The Italian Alder can grow up to 1 meter per year in its early years, which averages to 60cm per year as the tree ages. Can thrive on much drier soils than other alders whilst making very few demands.
Fruit: Green cone like structure that turn brown in the autumn before shedding seeds.
Timber: Does not produce high quality timber but is often used for pulp, joinery and charcoal.
Soil Type/Habitat: A fairly unfussy tree which can be grown on a range of soil types and can tolerate high pH levels, although for best results it is wise to plant on wet sites. Also a good tree to be planted on coastal sites.