The native elm should only be planted where there is no Dutch Elm disease. It produces very large dark-green leaves which turn yellow in the autumn. Tiny red flowers are produced in early spring before the leaves, followed by clusters of winged green fruit. An excellent tree for exposed sites, making it a good wind breaker either inland or on the coast. Wych Elm is very good at fixing top soil on dry, steep slopes and sandy wasteland.
Fruit: The leaves were once feed to livestock. The flowers develop in to winged fruit that ripens from green to brown.
Timber: The timber is strong, supple and does not decay when immersed in water. The timber can be used for chests, hubs of wheels, coffins and furniture.
Soil Types / Habitat: It prefers not to be planted in light dry soils or acidic soils. It is a typical hedgerow tree but can be found up to 300m. It dose not grow well planted in wet sites.